Why is this Procedure Performed?
Women who no longer wish to have children may opt for the procedure. It’s important to note that though it’s extremely effective at preventing pregnancy, it doesn’t protect women from sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Tubal ligation may also decrease your risk of ovarian cancer, especially if the fallopian tubes are removed.
Ligation means to tie off. This prevents the egg and male sperm from connecting to prevent pregnancy.
Tubal ligation prevents an egg from traveling from the ovaries through the fallopian tubes and blocks sperm from traveling up the fallopian tubes to the egg. The procedure doesn’t affect your menstrual cycle.