Hormone Replacement Therapy
As you begin to transition into menopause, your ovaries no longer produce high levels of estrogen and progesterone. Changes in these hormone levels can cause uncomfortable symptoms. Common menopause symptoms include:
- Hot flashes.
- Night sweats and/or cold flashes.
- Vaginal dryness; discomfort during sex.
- Feeling a need to pee (urinary urgency).
- Trouble sleeping (insomnia).
- Mood swings, mild depression or irritability.
- Dry skin, dry eyes or dry mouth.
Types of HRT
There are two main types of HRT:
Combined HRT (estrogen and progestogen) – This form of HRT combines doses of estrogen and progesterone (or progestin, a synthetic form of progesterone).
Estrogen-only HRT – Estrogen is taken alone. Doctors most often prescribe a low dose of estrogen to be taken as a pill or patch every day. Estrogen may also be prescribed as a cream, vaginal ring, gel or spray. You should take the lowest dose of estrogen needed to relieve menopause symptoms and/or to prevent osteoporosis.